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Understanding Roll Call Vote Requests and their Consequences

English title Understanding Roll Call Vote Requests and their Consequences
Applicant Hug Simon
Number 129737
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Département de science politique et relations internationales Université de Genève
Institution of higher education University of Geneva - GE
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.05.2010 - 30.06.2013
Approved amount 292'595.00
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Keywords (7)

parliament; accountability; institutional design; political parties; voting; roll call votes; party discipline

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
LeadAn increasing number of parliamentary studies draw on roll call votes to generate information on individual members of parliament. Such studies often neglect, however, that roll call votes are a subset of all votes in a given parliament. To understand whether information based on roll call votes is in some way biased, we need a better understanding of the institutional rules and practices that lead to roll call votes.SummaryThe study starts with a survey of parliamentary experts around the world to generate systematic information on the institutional rules that regulate the requests for roll call votes. In addition more context specific information on the practical reasons for roll call vote requests will be collected. This data will be used in combination with more detailed information on the characteristics of votes in several parliaments (the Swiss lower house, the Polish Sejm, the European parliament etc.) to test the empirical implications of theoretical models developed on the basis of different motivations for roll call vote requests. A major endeavour will consist of understanding whether party cohesion determined on the basis of roll call votes provides an accurate description of the overall cohesion of parties (also in secret votes).GoalApart from providing a new dataset on institutional rules and practices related to roll call votes, the project also aims at offering a better understanding of the role roll call votes play in different parliamentary contexts. It aims also at offering new suggestions how insights drawn from roll call votes need to be adjusted to offer a more accurate picture of parliamentary processes in general.ImportanceGiven the increased use of roll call votes in parliamentary research, our newly collected data will offer researchers a sounder base on which to ground their studies. Our empirical results are also likely to offer a much improved view on how roll call votes affect parliamentary behavior and thus offer new views on issues of representation and accountability in different parliamentary regimes.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Le vote en assemblée parlementaire
Hug Simon (2017), Le vote en assemblée parlementaire, in Deloye Yves, Mayer Nonna (ed.), Larcier, Bruxelles, 547-592.
Parliamentary Voting Procedures in Comparison
Hug Simon, Wegmann Simone, Wüest Reto (2015), Parliamentary Voting Procedures in Comparison, in West European Politics, 38(5), 940-968.
Preferences or blocs? Voting in the United Nations Human Rights Council
Hug Simon, Lukacs Richard, Hug Simon, Lukacs Richard (2014), Preferences or blocs? Voting in the United Nations Human Rights Council, in Review of International Organizations.
Ten years in the United Nations: Where does Switzerland stand?
Hug Simon, Wegmann Simone, Hug Simon, Wegmann Simone (2013), Ten years in the United Nations: Where does Switzerland stand?, in SWISS POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW, 19(2), 212-232.
How electoral systems affect MPs’ positions ☆
Hug Simon, Martin Danielle, Hug Simon, Martin Danielle (2012), How electoral systems affect MPs’ positions ☆, in Electoral Studies, 31(1), 192-200.
Constituency preferences and MP preferences: the electoral connection
MartinDanielle, HugSimon, Constituency preferences and MP preferences: the electoral connection, in Party Politics.
Parliamentary voting
Hug Simon, Hug Simon, Parliamentary voting, in Müller Wolfgang C., Müller Wolfgang C. (ed.), Springer, NewYork, NA-NA.
Party Unity in the Swiss Parliament. The Electoral Connection
Traber Denise, Hug Simon, Sciarini Pascal, Traber Denise, Hug Simon, Sciarini Pascal, Party Unity in the Swiss Parliament. The Electoral Connection, in Journal of Legislative Studies, NA(NA), NA-NA.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
7th ECPR General Conference, September 4-7 2013, Bordeaux Talk given at a conference Dealing with Human Rights in international organizations 07.08.2013 Bordeaux, France Hug Simon;
7th ECPR General Conference, September 4-7 2013, Bordeaux Talk given at a conference Parliamentary Procedures in Presidential and Parliamentary Systems 07.08.2013 Bordeaux, France Wegmann Simone;
6th Annual Conference on The Political Economy of International Organizations February 7 - 9, 2013 Poster Dealing with Human Rights in international organizations 07.08.2013 Mannheim/Heidelberg, Germany Hug Simon;
Explaining Legislative Organization in European Democracies Talk given at a conference Parliamentary voting procedures in comparison 24.06.2013 Oxford, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Hug Simon;
Annual General Conference of the European Political Science Association (EPSA), Barcelona, June 20-22, 2013 Talk given at a conference A Theoretical Model of Roll Call Vote Requests 20.06.2013 Barcelona, Spain Wüest Reto;
Annual General Conference of the European Political Science Association (EPSA), Barcelona, June 20-22, 2013 Talk given at a conference Consensus voting and similarity measures in IOs 20.06.2013 Barcelona, Spain Hug Simon;
CIS Workshop on Parliaments and Parliamentarians, Zurich, May 16, 2013 Talk given at a conference Who Represents the Poor? 16.05.2013 Zurich, Switzerland Wüest Reto;
Présentation sur invitation à Montréal/McGill University April 19, 2013 Talk given at a conference The European Parliament after Lisbon (and before) 19.04.2013 Montreal, Canada Hug Simon;
Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, April 11-14, 2013 Talk given at a conference A Theoretical Model of Roll Call Vote Requests 11.04.2013 Chicago, United States of America Wüest Reto;
Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, April 11-14, 2013 Talk given at a conference Who Represents the Poor? 11.04.2013 Chicago, United States of America Wüest Reto;
ISA Annual conference SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, USA APRIL 3-6, 2013 Talk given at a conference Dealing with Human Rights in international organizations 03.04.2013 San Francisco, United States of America Hug Simon;
Annual Congress of the Swiss Political Science Association (SPSA), Zurich, January 31 - February 01, 2013 Talk given at a conference Who Represents the Poor? 31.01.2013 Zurich, Switzerland Wüest Reto;
Présentation sur invitation University of Milano (november 30th, 2012) Talk given at a conference What's in a vote? 30.11.2012 Milano, Italy Hug Simon;
EUDO Dissemination Conference The Euro Crisis and the State of European Democracy 22-23 November 2012, European University Institute Talk given at a conference The European Parliament after Lisbon (and before) 22.11.2012 Florence, Italy Hug Simon;
International Conference on ``Beyond Lisbon Treaty: Re-examining EU Institutions and Governance'' (Institute of European and American Studies (IEAS), Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, September 7-8, 2012) Talk given at a conference The European Parliament after Lisbon 07.09.2012 Taipei, Taiwan Hug Simon;
2012 APSA conference in New Orleans (August 30- September 2, 2012 (canceled) Talk given at a conference What's in a vote? 30.08.2012 New Orleans, United States of America Hug Simon;
2012 APSA conference in New Orleans (August 30- September 2, 2012 (canceled) Talk given at a conference Roll Call Votes in the European Parliament 30.08.2012 New Orleans, United States of America Hug Simon;
Open Legislative Data in Paris: A Conference of the Third Kind with Hacktivists and Academics July 5, 2012 Paris Talk given at a conference Parliamentary Transparency: Would elected representatives behave the same way if they knew we were watching? 05.07.2012 Paris, France Hug Simon;
Inaugural General Conference of the ECPR Standing Group on Parliaments, Dublin, June 24-27, 2012 Talk given at a conference Parliamentary Voting Procedures in Comparison 24.06.2012 Dublin, Ireland Wüest Reto; Wegmann Simone;
Annual General Conference of the European Political Science Association (EPSA), Berlin, June 21-23, 2012 Talk given at a conference Parliamentary Voting Procedures in Comparison 21.06.2012 Berlin, Germany Wegmann Simone; Wüest Reto; Hug Simon;
CIS Workshop on Parliaments and Parliamentarians, Zurich, May 24, 2012 Talk given at a conference Parliamentary Voting Procedures in Comparison 24.05.2012 Zurich, Switzerland Wüest Reto;
Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association (MPSA), Chicago, April 12-15, 2012 Talk given at a conference Ideological Positions of Party Switchers 12.04.2012 Chicago, United States of America Wüest Reto; Hug Simon;
PEIO V conference, Villanova, 26-28.1.2012 Poster What's in a vote? 26.01.2012 Villanova, United States of America Hug Simon;
6th Pan European SGEU conference in Tampere (13-15 September 2012) Talk given at a conference Roll Call Votes in the European Parliament 13.09.2011 Tampere, Finland Hug Simon;
Reykjavik ECPR General Conference (24-26.8.2011) Talk given at a conference Roll Call Votes in the European Parliament 24.08.2011 Reykjavik, Iceland Hug Simon;
EPSA conference Dublin (June 16-18, 2011) Talk given at a conference Modelling the strategic interactions in representative democracies with referendums 16.06.2011 Dublin, Ireland Hug Simon;
CIS Workshop on Parliaments and Parliamentarians, Zurich, May 5, 2011 Talk given at a conference Ideological Positions of Party Switchers 05.05.2011 Zurich, Switzerland Wüest Reto;
ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops, St. Gallen, April 12-17, 2011 Talk given at a conference Ideological Positions of Party Switchers 12.04.2011 St. Gallen,, Switzerland Hug Simon; Wüest Reto;
Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, March 30 - April 3, 2011 Talk given at a conference Constituency Preferences and MP Preferences: The Electoral Connection 30.03.2011 Chicago, United States of America Hug Simon; Martin Danielle;
4th Annual Conference on The Political Economy of International Organizations January 27 – 29, 2011 Poster Preferences or blocs? Voting in the United Nations Human Rights Council 27.01.2011 Zurich, Switzerland Hug Simon;
APSA Washington DC September 2-5 2010 Talk given at a conference Strategic voting in bicameralism 02.09.2010 Washington DC, United States of America Hug Simon;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Presentation of work on UN and UNHRC voting Talk 21.01.2013 Federal department of foreign affairs (Berne), Switzerland Hug Simon;
Conférence annuelle de la Plateforme académique Suisse ONU (APSUN) Talk 31.10.2012 Genève, Switzerland Hug Simon;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Achsen des Unsinns Weltwoche German-speaking Switzerland
Media relations: print media, online media Allianzen im Menschenrechtsrat der Vereinten Nationen Neue Zürcher Zeitung German-speaking Switzerland
Media relations: print media, online media Der Ständerat wird zum europäischen Normalfall Neue Zürcher Zeitung German-speaking Switzerland
Media relations: print media, online media In der Uno ist die Schweiz Japan am nächsten Neue Z\ürcher Zeitung German-speaking Switzerland
Media relations: print media, online media Koalitionen im Stöckli. Im Ständerat dominiert die bürgerliche Allianz Neue Zürcher Zeitung German-speaking Switzerland
Media relations: print media, online media Licht in die ``Dunkelkammer.'' Neue Z\ürcher Zeitung German-speaking Switzerland
Media relations: print media, online media Pourquoi le Conseil des Etats persiste-t-il à voter à main levée? Le Temps Western Switzerland

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
111909 Parliamentary decisions. Electoral considerations, party pressure and strategic calculations 01.05.2006 Project funding (Div. I-III)
116617 Fraktionsdisziplin und ihre Einflussfaktoren 01.06.2007 Project funding (special)

Abstract

Analyses of roll call votes have developed to form a mainstay ofparliamentary research. By their development both in terms of methodsused as in substantive (and geographic) areas covered, more and moreresearchers have become aware that in many instances roll call votesonly give us a partial glimpse at parliamentary behavior. The reason forthis is that in many parliaments roll call votes need to be requested oroccur only on particular proposals. Based on this observation theproposed project wishes to address the following overarching researchquestion:Under what circumstances are roll call votes requested in nationalparliaments and how do these circumstances affect our inferences onparliamentary behavior based on roll call votes?To answer this research question the project is based on threeinterdependent goals. The first goal is to establish a detailedinventory of the institutional rules under which roll call votes occurin all national parliaments around the world. To achieve this goal aninternet-based survey will be carried out among experts of the variousnational parliaments following the lead example of a recent handbook.Based on this inventory an existing theoretical model will be expandedto consider different motivations for making roll call requests, namelythe disciplining of party members, the signaling of party positions andthe shaming of other parties for their voting behavior. This theoreticalmodel will allow for a more precise assessment of the relationshipbetween observed voting behavior in parliaments through roll call votesand unobserved behavior in secret (or voice votes).The implications of this theoretical model will be submitted toempirical tests, which forms the third goal. More specifically theempirical tests envision to study the consequences that the differentrules and reasons for requesting roll call votes have on empiricalanalyses based on roll call votes. These empirical tests should alsoallow for insights how the results from roll call votes analyses have tobe corrected for, given that they are based on only a (non-random)sample of all votes in most parliaments.
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