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Seasonality of Municipal Waste Generation and Composition and Corresponding Fluctuations of Various Environmental Indicators for Waste Management and Treatment Facilities

English title Seasonality of Municipal Waste Generation and Composition and Corresponding Fluctuations of Various Environmental Indicators for Waste Management and Treatment Facilities
Applicant Ludwig Christian
Number 128178
Funding scheme SCOPES
Research institution Institut des sciences et technologies de l'environnement EPFL - ENAC - ISTE
Institution of higher education EPF Lausanne - EPFL
Main discipline Other disciplines of Engineering Sciences
Start/End 01.01.2010 - 31.07.2013
Approved amount 240'000.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Other disciplines of Engineering Sciences
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences

Keywords (9)

municipal solid waste; waste treatment; waste disposal; seperate collection; incineration; ressource management; waste composition; separate collection; resource management

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
Background. Waste management strategies are usually formed on the presumption that the composition of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) during the course of a year remains constant. The MSW composition is a result of regional and cultural aspects, as well as social behavior, and it is strongly influenced by economic factors. Climate and weather may trigger secondary factors like tourism which may change the composition of MSW. In Eastern Europe (EE) there is a lack of well developed separate collection systems and strong seasonal changes in MSW composition are expected.To establish a relationship between seasonality of waste composition and potential indicators, data from countries with different geographical location and/or economical situation are required. Wastes from selected regions of four countries, i.e. Lithuania, Russia, Ukraine, and Georgia, will be investigated.Objectives. This project has two major scientific objectives: A)Determining the waste composition as function of economic, social and seasonal changes.B)Predicting and assessing future material and contaminant flows (e.g. heavy metals), considering different scenarios. Possible scenarios would be a) continuation of landfilling, b) replacing landfilling by mechanical-biological treatment and/or incineration, and c) combined treatment with an improved separate collection system, similar to the one in Switzerland.Besides scientific merits this project aims in supporting the development of the EE partner countries. Each EE partner has a PhD student who will be supported via the funding of this project. The students will get special training in Lithuania and Switzerland. In Lithuania a seasonal sampling method has been developed which will be tested and transferred to the partner countries. The students will get hands on waste sampling experience in Lithuania. At Paul Scherrer Institute the students will perform incineration experiments which will help to assess MSW typical for their home region.Valorization and Outreach. This project is supporting the development of new and more sustainable waste management systems in the EE partner countries.The knowledge exchange process involving PhD students is a contribution to educate future waste management experts for the EE partner countries. The project supports the transition of knowledge from Switzerland to EE partners, but also vice versa, and among all partners.In the pre-project phase all EE partners established contacts to local authorities and waste treatment companies in order to discuss the aims and get acceptance for this project. This will help to promptly implement project findings.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Publications

Publication
Seasonal variation of municipal solid waste generation and composition in four East European cities
Denafas Gintaras et al. (2014), Seasonal variation of municipal solid waste generation and composition in four East European cities, in Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 89, 22-30.
Analysis of heavy metals in blister pack and medical gloves samples
Martišiūtė Monika, Stasiulaitienė Inga, Denafas Gintaras, Ludwig Christian (2013), Analysis of heavy metals in blister pack and medical gloves samples, in Environmental research, engineering and management = Aplinkos tyrimai, inžinerija ir vadyba, 3(65), 59-65.
Pollution of Land and Water Resources by Landfills – Computer based Assessment Methods
Hoffmann and N. Nauchu (2013), Pollution of Land and Water Resources by Landfills – Computer based Assessment Methods, in „Ukrainian Water Resources and Land Reclamation.
SEASONAL ASSESSMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE GENERATION AND COMPOSITION: COOPERATION OF RUSSIA AND NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES
Denafas G. Kamarevcevas E. Hoffman M. Mykhayenko V. Shmarin S. Martin G. Romanov M. at all (2013), SEASONAL ASSESSMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE GENERATION AND COMPOSITION: COOPERATION OF RUSSIA AND NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES, in ISWA conference collection of papers, Moscow.
SEASONAL CHARACTER OF HEAVY METALS EMISSIONS PARTITIONING IN MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE INCINERATION PROCESS: CASE STUDY FOR KAUNAS, LITHUANIA
G. DENAFAS E. KAMAREVCEVAS D. MARTUZEVIČIUS AND CH. LUDWIG (2013), SEASONAL CHARACTER OF HEAVY METALS EMISSIONS PARTITIONING IN MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE INCINERATION PROCESS: CASE STUDY FOR KAUNAS, LITHUANIA, in Proceedings Sardinia 2013, Fourteenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, S. Margherita di Pula, Cagliari, Italy.
Assessment of geo-ecological risk of atmosphere pollution by MSW landfills emissions for choice of measures for aftercare phase
Maslikov V.I. Chusov A.N. Cheremisin A.V. Ryzhakova M.G. (2012), Assessment of geo-ecological risk of atmosphere pollution by MSW landfills emissions for choice of measures for aftercare phase.
Cluster approach for solid municipal waste management
Nenko K. S. Mykhaylenko V. P. Ogorodnik S. S. Martin G. G. (2012), Cluster approach for solid municipal waste management, in Innovative technologies and environment protection : international scientific-practical conference, Kutaisi, Georgia.
Environmental Cooperation of Ukraine with Baltic Countries in Waste Management Projects
Mykhaylenko V. Hoffnmann M. Denafas G. Alekseyevets I. Ludwig Ch. Ogorodnyk S. et all (2012), Environmental Cooperation of Ukraine with Baltic Countries in Waste Management Projects, in Linnaeus Eco-Tech 2012 , Kalmar, Sweden.
Environmental impact assessment of a small landfill – an initial GIS based survey
Hoffmann M. and Nauchu N. (2012), Environmental impact assessment of a small landfill – an initial GIS based survey, in Innovative technologies and environment protection : international scientific-practical conference, Kutaisi, Georgia.
Life cycle assessment of compact fluorescent and incandescent lamps : comparative analysis
Elijošiutė Erika, Balciukevičiūtė Jolita, Denafas Gintaras (2012), Life cycle assessment of compact fluorescent and incandescent lamps : comparative analysis, in Environmental research, engineering and management = Aplinkos tyrimai, inžinerija ir vadyba., 3(61), 65-72.
MSW Morphology study in Boryspol: National GHG emission model of Ukraine as important scientific source
Shmarin S, Bereznytskaya M.V (2012), MSW Morphology study in Boryspol: National GHG emission model of Ukraine as important scientific source.
On the state of municipal solid waste management in Ukraine
Alekseevets I. L. Bereznytskaya M.V. Shmarin S.L. Mykhaylenko V. P. (2012), On the state of municipal solid waste management in Ukraine, in Proceedings of VII Conference of Ukrainian Small Cities, Kyiv.
Seasonal Changes of Municipal Solid Waste Collected in Four Different Eastern European countries
G. Denafas Ch. Ludwig D. Martuzevičius T. Ruzgas E. Kamarevcevas, L. Vitkauskaitė et all (2012), Seasonal Changes of Municipal Solid Waste Collected in Four Different Eastern European countries, in ISWA World Solid Waste Congress, Florence, Italy.
Seasonal changes of municipal solid waste generation and content : case study for Kaunas city, Lithuania
Denafas G., Vitkauskaitė L., Martuzevičius D., Kavaliauskas A., Tumynas D. (2012), Seasonal changes of municipal solid waste generation and content : case study for Kaunas city, Lithuania, in Linnaeus Eco-Tech 2012, Kalmar, Sweden.
Seasonal investigations of municipal solid waste generation and composition : review for experiences in various countries
Denafas G., Martuzevičius D., Kriipsalu M., Hoffman M., MykhaylenkoV., Romanov M et all (2012), Seasonal investigations of municipal solid waste generation and composition : review for experiences in various countries, in Innovative technologies and environment prorection : international scientific-practical conference, Kutaisi, Georgia.
State of solid waste management in Ukraine
Alekseevets I. L. Bereznytskaya M.V. Shmarin S.L. Mykhaylenko V. P. (2012), State of solid waste management in Ukraine, in Innovative technologies and environment protection : international scientific-practical conference, Kutaisi, Georgia.
The Features of Municipal Solid Waste Generation in Ukraine
Mykhaylenko V. P. Alekseevets I. L. Denafas G. Shmarin S. L. Luchko I. A. (2012), The Features of Municipal Solid Waste Generation in Ukraine.
Waste Recycling Cluster to support progress in Estonian Waste Management
Kriipsalu M. Rüütelmann M. (2012), Waste Recycling Cluster to support progress in Estonian Waste Management, in Innovative technologies and environment protection : international scientific-practical conference.
About Generation, Composition and Management of MSW in Georgia
Tsitsino Turkadze I.G. Bochoidze G.A. Abuladze (2011), About Generation, Composition and Management of MSW in Georgia.
Application and evaluation of forecasting methods for municipal solid waste generation in an eastern-European city
Ingrida Rimaityte Tomas Ruzgas Gintaras Denafas Viktoras Racys and Dainius Martuzevicius (2011), Application and evaluation of forecasting methods for municipal solid waste generation in an eastern-European city, in Waste Management and Research, 30(1), 89-98.
Investigation of Municipal Solid Waste Parameters to Recycle
Shubenko B. Shmarin S Gushcha E. (2011), Investigation of Municipal Solid Waste Parameters to Recycle, in “Actual Problems of Regional Administration and Local Governing”.
Investigation of municipal wastes biodegradation ways
Chusov A. Fedorov M. Andrianova M. Negulyaeva E. (2011), Investigation of municipal wastes biodegradation ways, in XIII International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, S.Margherita di Pula – Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy.
Monthly Changes in Morphology, Caloricity, Humidity and Ash Content
Shmarin S. Luchko I. (2011), Monthly Changes in Morphology, Caloricity, Humidity and Ash Content.
Seasonal changes of municipal solid waste generation and content: case study for Lithuanian, Ukrainian, Georgian and Russian cities
G. DENAFAS L. VITKAUSKAITĖ K. JANKAUSKAITĖ D. MARTUZEVIČIUS CH. LUDWIG M. HOFFMAN S. SHMARIN (2011), Seasonal changes of municipal solid waste generation and content: case study for Lithuanian, Ukrainian, Georgian and Russian cities.
Seasonal changes of municipal waste generation and content: case study for Kaunas city, Lithuania
G. Denafas L. Vitkauskaitė K. Jankauskaitė D. Staniulis et all. (2011), Seasonal changes of municipal waste generation and content: case study for Kaunas city, Lithuania, in Proceedings of the 3rd International CEMEPE & SECOTOX Conference, Skiathos, Greece.
Seasonal dynamics of MSW morphology for Kyiv region
Shmarin S.L. Gushcha Е. P. Ogorodnik S.S. Hoffman М. et all. (2011), Seasonal dynamics of MSW morphology for Kyiv region.
Seasonal fluctuations of municipal solid waste composition as a factor of systemic treatment of their streams
V. Mikhaylenko S. Shmarin M. Hoffman G. Denafas Ch. Ludwig Ts. Turkadze I. Bochoidze et all. (2011), Seasonal fluctuations of municipal solid waste composition as a factor of systemic treatment of their streams, EcoInform, Kharkiv, Ukraine.
Study variations of municipal solid waste composition in Kutaisi
Ts.Turkadze I.Bochoidze (2011), Study variations of municipal solid waste composition in Kutaisi.
The Role of Thermal Processes in Sustainable Waste Management - A Swiss Perspective
Christian Ludwig (2011), The Role of Thermal Processes in Sustainable Waste Management - A Swiss Perspective.
Advantages of MSW Separation Using of SPK -2,5 Containers
Semko P.P. (2010), Advantages of MSW Separation Using of SPK -2,5 Containers.
Comparative Analysis of MSW Management and Problem Solutions in Ukraine and in the World
Shmarin S. L. Shubenko B.P. (2010), Comparative Analysis of MSW Management and Problem Solutions in Ukraine and in the World.
Comparison of European and National Approaches on Determination of Municipal Solid Waste Composition
Shmarin S. (2010), Comparison of European and National Approaches on Determination of Municipal Solid Waste Composition, in Housing of Ukraine, 7(30), ---.
Differences in European and National experience on Municipal Solid Waste Determination
Shmarin S. Luchko I. (2010), Differences in European and National experience on Municipal Solid Waste Determination.
Domestic waste generation and content: impact to waste management system efficiency
Denafas G. Zavarauskas K. Martuzevičius D. Kavaliauskas A. Abromaitis V. Ochmanaitė V. et all. (2010), Domestic waste generation and content: impact to waste management system efficiency, in Human and environmental safety, Kaunas, LithuaniaLithuanian Agriculture University, Kaunas, Lithuania.
Municipal Waste Generation and Composition in Georgia
Tsitsino Turkadze B.A. Butskhrikidze I.G. Bochoidze T.V. Sirbiladze (2010), Municipal Waste Generation and Composition in Georgia, in Innovative Technologies and Contemporary Materials, Kutaisi, GeorgiaInternational Scientific-Practical Conference “Innovative Technologies and Contemporary Materials”., Kutaisi, Georgia.
On Solid Municipal Waste Management
Mykhaylenko V. (2010), On Solid Municipal Waste Management.
Preconditions of successful reform of housing and communal services in Ukraine
Ogorodnik S.S. (2010), Preconditions of successful reform of housing and communal services in Ukraine.
Seasonal Aspects of Municipal Solid Waste Generation and Composition in East-European Countries with Respect to Waste Management System Development
G. Denafas K. Zavarauskas D. Martuzevičius L. Vitkauskaitė CH. Ludwig M. Hoffman at all. (2010), Seasonal Aspects of Municipal Solid Waste Generation and Composition in East-European Countries with Respect to Waste Management System Development, in Third International Symposium on Energy from Biomass and Waste, Venice, ItalyThird International Symposium on Energy from Biomass and Waste, Venice.
Some Aspects of the Use of Waste as Energy Source for the Example of the EU and Georgia.
Ts. Turkadze B. Butskhrikidze I. Bochoidze (2010), Some Aspects of the Use of Waste as Energy Source for the Example of the EU and Georgia..

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
14th Waste Management and Landfills Symposium (Sardinia, 2013) Poster SEASONAL CHARACTER OF HEAVY METALS EMISSIONS PARTITIONING IN MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE INCINERATION PROCESS: CASE STUDY FOR KAUNAS, LITHUANIA 30.09.2013 Sardinia, Italy Denafas Gintaras; Ludwig Christian;
ISWA Specialised Conference “MSW: management systems and technical solutions” Talk given at a conference SEASONAL ASSESSMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE GENERATION AND COMPOSITION: COOPERATION OF RUSSIA AND NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES 28.05.2013 Moscow, Russia Denafas Gintaras; Romanov Mikhail; Turkadze Tsitsino; Ludwig Christian;
International conference on natural sciences and environmental technologies Linnaeus Eco-Tech 2012 (Kalmar, 2012) Talk given at a conference "Seasonal changes of municipal solid waste generation and content : case study for Kaunas city, Lithuania", "Environmental Cooperation of Ukraine with Baltic Countries in Waste Management Projects" 26.11.2012 Linnaneus University, Kalmar, Sweden Martin Gary; Ludwig Christian; Ogorodnyk Stanislav; Denafas Gintaras;
International conference on natural sciences and environmental technologies Linnaeus Eco-Tech 2012 (Kalmar, 2012) Poster "Separate Collection Impact on Heavy Metals Flow in Municipal Solid Waste", "Evaluation of Phosphating Sludge Immobilization in Construction Ceramics" 26.11.2012 Linnaneus University, Kalmar, Sweden Ludwig Christian; Denafas Gintaras;
ISWA World Solid Waste Congress (Florence, 2012) Poster Seasonal Changes of Municipal Solid Waste Collected in Four Different Eastern European Countries 17.09.2012 Florence, Italy Romanov Mikhail; Denafas Gintaras; Turkadze Tsitsino; Ludwig Christian;
XIII International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium (Sardinia, 2011) Talk given at a conference Investigation of municipal wastes biodegradation ways 03.10.2011 S.Margherita di Pula – Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy Romanov Mikhail;
3rd International CEMEPE & SECOTOX Conference (Skiathos, 2011) Talk given at a conference Seasonal changes of municipal waste generation and content: case study for Kaunas city, Lithuania 19.06.2011 Skiathos, Greece Denafas Gintaras;
International scientific-practical conference "Innovative technologies and applied designs" (Kutaisi, 2011) Talk given at a conference Study variations of municipal solid waste composition in Kutaisi 30.05.2011 Akaki Tsereteli State University, Kutaisi, Georgia Turkadze Tsitsino;
International Scientific-Practical Conference “Actual Problems of Regional Administration and Local Governing” (Kyiv, 2011) Talk given at a conference Investigation of Municipal Solid Waste Parameters to Recycle 08.04.2011 Kyiv, Ukraine Martin Gary; Ogorodnyk Stanislav;
Third International Symposium on Energy from Biomass and Waste (Venice 2010) Talk given at a conference Seasonal Aspects of Municipal Solid Waste Generation and Composition in East-European Countries with Respect to Waste Management System Development 08.11.2010 Venice, Italy Romanov Mikhail; Turkadze Tsitsino; Ludwig Christian; Denafas Gintaras; Martin Gary;
III International Scientific Conference “Man – Nature – Society" (Simpheropol, 2010) Talk given at a conference Differences in European and National experience on Municipal Solid Waste Determination 28.10.2010 Simpheropol, Ukraine Martin Gary; Ogorodnyk Stanislav;
International Scientific Conference “Energy: Regional Problems and Development Opportunities" (Kutaisi, 2010) Talk given at a conference Some Aspects of the Use of Waste as Energy Source for the Example of the EU and Georgia 28.06.2010 Akaki Tsereteli State University, Kutaisi, Georgia Turkadze Tsitsino;
International Scientific-Practical Conference “Innovative Technologies and Contemporary Materials” (Kutaisi, 2010) Talk given at a conference Municipal Waste Generation and Composition in Georgia 17.06.2010 Akaki Tsereteli State University, Kutaisi, Georgia Turkadze Tsitsino;
International Scientific-Practical Conference "Human and nature safety" (Kaunas, 2010) Talk given at a conference Domestic waste generation and content: impact to waste management system efficiency 12.05.2010 Lithuanian Agriculture University, Kaunas, Lithuania Denafas Gintaras;
International Scientific Conference “Crisis Management Mechanisms for Regional and Municipal Development” (Kyiv, 2010) Talk given at a conference Analysis of Conditions and Trends of Municipal Solid Waste Issue Solution in Ukraine and the World 09.04.2010 Kyiv, Ukraine Martin Gary; Ogorodnyk Stanislav;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Visite of PhD-Student Yulia Lednova (Russia) to PSI, 2013 12.06.2013 Viligen PSI, Switzerland
Workshop and final project meeting (S.Petersburg, 2013) 30.05.2013 Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnical University, Russia
Visite of PhD-Student Giorgi Abuladze (Georgia) to PSI, 2013 18.03.2013 Viligen PSI, Switzerland
Visite of PhD-Student Sergey Shmarin (Ukraine) to PSI, 2013 07.03.2013 Viligen PSI, Switzerland
Defense of Vilma Jasiulyte bachelour thesis (Kaunas, 2012) 03.09.2012 Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania
Defense of Rita Dzerkelytė bachelour thesis (Kaunas, 2012) 05.06.2012 Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania
International Scientific – Practical conference “Innovative Technologies and Environment Protection” (Kutaisi, 2012) 30.05.2012 Akaki Tsereteli State University, Kutaisi, Georgia
Workshop and project yearly meeting (Kutaisi, 2012) 29.05.2012 Akaki Tsereteli State University, Kutaisi, Georgia
Visite of Master-Student Eduardas Kamarevcevas (Lithuania) to EPFL and PSI, 2012 05.03.2012 Viligen PSI, Switzerland
ERAZMUS visite of prof. G.Denafas to EPFL and PSI (Lausanne, Viligen PSI 2012) 05.03.2012 EPFL and PSI, Switzerland
ERAZMUS visite of Master-Student Monika Martišiūtė (Lithuania) to EPFL and PSI, 2012 05.03.2012 Viligen PSI, Switzerland
Defense of Kamilė Jankauskaitė master thesis in Environmental Engineering Study Programm (Kaunas, 2011) 07.07.2011 Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania
Defense of Darius Staniulis master thesis in Environmental Engineering Study Programm (Kaunas, 2011) 07.06.2011 Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania
Defense of Lina Vitkauskaitė master thesis in Environmental Engineering Study Programm (Kaunas, 2011) 07.06.2011 Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania
International Scientific and Practical Conference - SUSTAINABLE MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN EASTERN EUROPE - FUTURE PERSPECTIVES (Kyiv, 2011) 19.05.2011 National Taras Shevchenko University, Kyiv, Ukraine
Workshop and yearly project meeting (Kyiv, 2011) 18.05.2011 National Taras Shevchenko University, Kyiv, Ukraine
ERAZMUS visite of prof. G. Denafas to Riga Technical University, Latvia (Riga, 2010) 11.10.2010 Riga Technical University, Latvia
ERAZMUS visite of Master-Student Lina Vitkauskaitė (Lithuania) to Clausthal Technical University, Germany (Clausthal-Zellerfeld, 2010) 01.09.2010 Clausthal Technical University, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany
Course on Waste Collection and Analysis (Kaunas, 2010) 08.03.2010 Kaunas Municipal Waste Transfer Station, Lithuania
Workshop and project kick-off meeting (Kaunas, 2010) 03.03.2010 Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania
Workshop - Waste Separation and Analysis (Kaunas, 2010) 02.03.2010 Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
International Forum of clean technologies in Ukraine "EkoSmart-13" (Kyiv, 2013) 17.06.2013 Kyiv, Ukraine Ogorodnyk Stanislav; Martin Gary;
VII Conference of Ukrainian Small Cities (Ukrainka town, 2012) 26.06.2012 Ukrainka town, Ukraine Ogorodnyk Stanislav; Martin Gary;
IX International Conference "Collaboration solutions for the problem of waste" (Kharkiv, 2012) 28.04.2012 Kharkiv, Ukraine Ogorodnyk Stanislav; Denafas Gintaras; Martin Gary;
International conference "Стале управління твердими побутовими відходами в Східній Европі – перспектива на майбутнє” (Kyiv, 2011) 19.05.2011 Kyiv, Ukraine Ogorodnyk Stanislav;
VIII international conference "Collaboration solutions for the problem of waste" (Kharkiv, 2011) 23.02.2011 Kharkiv, Ukraine Ogorodnyk Stanislav;
«Vital Problems of Ukrainian Housing Sector: Management, Personnel, Innovations, Technologies» (Kyiv, 2010) 18.10.2010 State Academy of Housing and Utilities of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine Ogorodnyk Stanislav; Martin Gary;
Семінар «САНОЧИСТКА–2010» (Berdiansk, 2010) 16.06.2010 Berdiansk, Ukraine Martin Gary; Ogorodnyk Stanislav;
All-Ukrainian Conference “Quality management - efficiency and confidence of the community” (Boryspil, 2010) 01.04.2010 Boryspil, Ukraine Ogorodnyk Stanislav; Martin Gary;


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
44586 Physikalisch-chemische Grundlagen der Schwermetallabtrennung bei der thermischen Abfall- und Rückstandsbehandlung 01.09.1996 Swiss Priority Programmes (SPPs)
58291 The ABC of waste: Vision and reality (Project WABO) 01.01.2000 Swiss Priority Programmes (SPPs)
58295 Wissens- und Technologietransfer für die Umsetzung eines neuen integrierten Abfallverbrennungsverfahrens (Transfer PECK) 01.01.2000 Swiss Priority Programmes (SPPs)

Abstract

The composition of municipal solid waste (MSW) is a result of regional and cultural aspects as well as social behavior, and it is strongly influenced by economic factors. In Eastern Europe there is currently a lack of well developed separate collection systems, and in contrast to the situation in Switzerland, we therefore expect strong seasonal changes in MSW composition. The changes in composition may strongly influence the quality of the wastes, what affects emissions from landfills, but also in case of incineration, the quality of incineration residues. Today, little is known about the waste composition and flows in Eastern Europe. Seasonal changes have not been studied, yet. Moreover, no methods exists to tackle this problem. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a methodology for the assessment of MSW management systems and waste composition with respect to seasonal influences and changes. Further, the installation and implementation of waste collection systems will take time, and in urban areas it can be expected that incineration will become more popular. This project has two major scientific objectives. Firstly, the waste composition as function of economic, social and seasonal changes will be investigated, and secondly, future material and contaminant flows (e.g. heavy metals), considering different scenarios will be predicted and assessed. Possible scenarios would be a) continuation of landfilling, b) replacing landfilling by mechanical-biological treatment and/or incineration, and c) combined treatment with an improved separate collection system, similar to the situation in Switzerland. In a first step waste compositions in the different partner countries will be determined. In a second step seasonal sampling of wastes will be performed using a methode which is currently tested in Lithuania and will be applied for the situation of the partners in Ukraine, Georgia, and Russia. In a last step the influence of seasonal changes and waste composition on the quality of incineration residues will be investigated at Paul Scherrer Institute. Here analytical methods will be used which allow to characterize the thermal behavior of trace elements during pyrolysis, gasification, and incineration. These methods have been invented during the Integrated Project Waste of the Priority Programme Environment of SNF (1996-1999). In the last years these methods have been further developed in projects supported by SNF, other foundations, and the industry. The objectives and tasks of the project have been adapted to make valuable contributions to educate students of a future waste management generation in Eastern Europe, to obtain scientific knowledge necessary to understand waste generation and composition in different regions of Eastern Europe, to gain basic information which is needed to avoid future emissions to the environment resulting from current waste treatment practice in Eastern Europe, to generate a flow of information between Switzerland and the partners in Eastern Europe, and between partners of A and B countries. Where possible sampling will take place in collaboration with professionals from waste treatment facilities and authorities. This project will contribute to a better understanding of natural, social and economic factors influencing the quality and quantity of MSW in Eastern Europe.
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