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Metal transport and ore deposition: The geology, geochemistry and geodynamic setting of mineral resources in Serbia, Macedonia and Bulgaria

English title Metal transport and ore deposition: The geology, geochemistry and geodynamic setting of mineral resources in Serbia, Macedonia and Bulgaria
Applicant von Quadt Albrecht
Number 128089
Funding scheme SCOPES
Research institution Institut für Geochemie und Petrologie ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Geochemistry
Start/End 01.11.2009 - 31.10.2012
Approved amount 190'000.00
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All Disciplines (4)

Discipline
Geochemistry
Other disciplines of Earth Sciences
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Geochronology

Keywords (9)

Ore deposits; Mineral resources; Geochemistry; Fluids; Magmatism; Geochronology; Geodynamics; contamination of water & soil

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
In 1998, the ESF Program ”Geodynamics and Ore Deposit Evolution" (GEODE) started as a major European research initiative, in which the Fluids and Mineral Deposits Group of ETH Zurich led the largest sub-program. The Alpine Balkan Carpathian Dinarides Project (GEODE-ABCD) involved some 50 people and produced a similar number of peer-reviewed publications. The present proposal builds on further development of contacts that have proven to be worthy of support during GEODE and several subsequent SCOPES_JPR’s led by our group and colleagues from the University of Geneva. With each continuation, we kept the most active partners and added at least one team from one of the new ex-Yugoslav countries or the Caucasus republics. This time we will involve a new team from FYR Macedonia, with whom we had contact since GEODE but no direct collaboration so far.We experienced that successful research cooperation with countries in the former Soviet sphere of influence requires persistence and long-term commitment. This new SCOPES proposal is closely coordinated with a complementary application by R. Moritz from the University of Geneva, and with our own mainstream SNSF project Nr. 200020-124906/1. The entire regional project components are motivated by mutual interest of the Swiss and Eastern European partners: one side offers outstanding analytical research and training facilities, while the other side has unique geological background data that have only partly been published in the international literature. Research training in advanced analytical techniques and the exchange of complementary scientific and cultural experience are seen as the long-term benefits of this cooperation. The research proposed here aims an understanding the geological processes that control, at different scales, the origin and distribution of Europe's most important copper, gold and lead deposits in Bulgaria, Serbia and Macedonia. On the regional scale, we want to understand the geodynamic environment and the generation of mineralizing magmas, whereby radiometric age dating and igneous geochemistry will play a major role. On the scale of ore-forming magmatic-hydrothermal systems, we want to quantify the processes leading to the generation of ore-forming fluids from hydrous magmas and apply new micro analytical techniques to directly trace the solutes in magmatic fluids to diverse types of magmatic-hydrothermal mineral deposits. Four major Tasks are planned in a manner that allows a clear division of responsibilities to the teams in the three collaborating countries: a)Fluid processes at the magmatic to hydrothermal transition in porphyry-style Cu-Au-(-PGE) deposits and in meso- and epithermal deposits in Eastern Serbia, FYR Macedonia (Buchim, Ilovitza) and Western Bulgaria/Central Rhodopes will be studied; b) Geochronology, magmatism and large-scale metallogeny of the Cretaceous ABTS belt and the Paleogene Serbian-Macedonian-Rhodope zone; c) Deposit-scale geochronology, magma characteristics and mineralization; d) Impact of the mining activity on environment and the social life and e) Scientific exchange of young scientists, PhD and MSc students.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Publications

Publication
Geochronology and isotope geochemistry of magmatic rocks from Western Srednogorie (Bulgaria) and Timok Magmatic Complex (East Serbia).
von Quadt Albrecht, Geochronology and isotope geochemistry of magmatic rocks from Western Srednogorie (Bulgaria) and Timok Magmatic Complex (East Serbia)., in Geosciences, 2011(1), 21-23.
Temporal evolution of the Cenozoic magmatism in W-SW Bulgaria and E-Macedonia and crustal thickness control on zircon populations and whole-rock 87Sr/86Sri-143Nd/144Ndi ratios.
Georgiev Stoyan, Temporal evolution of the Cenozoic magmatism in W-SW Bulgaria and E-Macedonia and crustal thickness control on zircon populations and whole-rock 87Sr/86Sri-143Nd/144Ndi ratios., in Geosciences, 2011(1), 1-3.
U-Pb zircon and 40Ar/39Ar ages of Mesta volcanic rocks and Central Pirin pluton.
Filipov Peter, U-Pb zircon and 40Ar/39Ar ages of Mesta volcanic rocks and Central Pirin pluton., in Geosciences, 2011(1), 10-12.
U-Pb zircon dating and zircon population analyses of the Paleogene magmatic rocks in Kyustendil area
Grozdev Valentin, U-Pb zircon dating and zircon population analyses of the Paleogene magmatic rocks in Kyustendil area, in Geosciences, 2011(1), 4-6.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Avala Resources LtD. Serbien (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Carpathian Gold Corporation Romania (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
National Conference of the BULGARIAN GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY 13.12.2012 Sofia, Bulgaria
International Earth Science Colloquium on the Aegean Region (IESCA) 01.10.2012 Izmir, Tuerkey
Diversity of copper and gold deposits in the Eastern Europe Balkan, Carpathian and Rhodopean belts: tectonic, magmatic and geochronological investigations 29.05.2012 Stip, Macedonia
5th Joint Conference of Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians and Central European mineral conference 29.04.2012 Miskoic, Hungary
Exhumation of High-grade Metamorphic Rocks (MCC), Magmatic Arc Systems and Strike-slip Zones 29.03.2012 Sofia
Swiss Geoscience Meeting 2011 20.11.2011 Zurich


Knowledge transfer events



Self-organised

Title Date Place
Diversity of copper and gold deposits in the Eastern Europe Balkan, Carpathian and Rhodopean belts: tectonic, magmatic and geochronological investigations, Workshop including industry 29.05.2012 Stip/Macedonia

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
124906 Quantitative Modeling of Ore-Forming Hydrothermal Systems 01.04.2009 Project funding (Div. I-III)
128685 High-precision geochronology of ore-forming processes: partial funding for a Triton TIMS 01.12.2009 R'EQUIP
135302 Quantitative Modeling of Ore-Forming Hydrothermal Systems 01.04.2011 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

In 1998, the ESF Program ”Geodynamics and Ore Deposit Evolution" (GEODE) started as a major European research initiative, in which the Fluids and Mineral Deposits Group of ETH Zurich led the largest sub-program. The Alpine Balkan Carpathian Dinarides Project (GEODE-ABCD) involved some 50 people and produced a similar number of peer-reviewed publications. The present proposal builds on further development of contacts that have proven to be worthy of support during GEODE and several subsequent SCOPES_JPR’s led by our group and colleagues from the University of Geneva. With each continuation, we kept the most active partners and added at least one team from one of the new ex-Yugoslav countries or the Caucasus republics. This time we will involve a new team from FYR Macedonia, with whom we had contact since GEODE but no direct collaboration so far. We experienced that successful research cooperation with countries in the former Soviet sphere of influence requires persistence and long-term commitment. This new SCOPES proposal is closely coordinated with a complementary application by R. Moritz from the University of Geneva, and with our own mainstream SNSF project Nr. 200020-124906/1. The entire regional project components are motivated by mutual interest of the Swiss and Eastern European partners: one side offers outstanding analytical research and training facilities, while the other side has unique geological background data that have only partly been published in the international literature. Research training in advanced analytical techniques and the exchange of complementary scientific and cultural experience are seen as the long-term benefits of this cooperation. The research proposed here aims an understanding the geological processes that control, at different scales, the origin and distribution of Europe's most important copper, gold and lead deposits in Bulgaria, Serbia and Macedonia. On the regional scale, we want to understand the geodynamic environment and the generation of mineralizing magmas, whereby radiometric age dating and igneous geochemistry will play a major role. On the scale of ore-forming magmatic-hydrothermal systems, we want to quantify the processes leading to the generation of ore-forming fluids from hydrous magmas and apply new micro analytical techniques to directly trace the solutes in magmatic fluids to diverse types of magmatic-hydrothermal mineral deposits. Four major Tasks are planned in a manner that allows a clear division of responsibilities to the teams in the three collaborating countries: a)Fluid processes at the magmatic to hydrothermal transition in porphyry-style Cu-Au-(-PGE) deposits and in meso- and epithermal deposits in Eastern Serbia, FYR Macedonia (Buchim, Ilovitza) and Western Bulgaria/Central Rhodopes will be studied; b) Geochronology, magmatism and large-scale metallogeny of the Cretaceous ABTS belt and the Paleogene Serbian-Macedonian-Rhodope zone; c) Deposit-scale geochronology, magma characteristics and mineralization; d) Impact of the mining activity on environment and the social life and e) Scientific exchange of young scientists, PhD and MSc students.
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