Project

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Binationale Ehen als Indikator für die Entstehung einer europäischen Gesellschaft

English title Binational Marriage as Indicator for the Formation of a European Society
Applicant Rössel Jörg
Number 127818
Funding scheme Project funding (special)
Research institution Soziologisches Institut Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Sociology
Start/End 01.06.2010 - 31.10.2013
Approved amount 444'488.00
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Keywords (8)

Binational Marriage; European Society; European Migration; Europe; Social Class; Markets; Culture; Language

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
The project will examine trends since 1960 in the proportions of binational marriages between citizens of European Union countries and Switzerland. It will pay special attention to the nationalities of those entering these marriages. The goals of the demographic analysis will be to assess to what extent the European single market and the agreement on free movement of persons the has contributed to an increase in binational marriages. In addition, it will attempt todetermine to what extent changes in the proportion of binational marriages and the distribution of these marriages by nationality are driven by market processes (e.g. greater intra-European migration) and by social and cultural processes (e.g. affinity between citizens of specific nationalities). In addition, the project will examine to what extent being part of a binational marriage is associated with different orientations to European integration, a lowered sense of membership in the national community of origin, a stronger sense of belonging to Europe, and different lifestyles and worldviews.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Institut Barcelona d' Estudis Internacionals (IBEI) Spain (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI) Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Interface Demography, Free University Brussels Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
International Conference on Intermarriage and Mixedness Talk given at a conference Do transnational social ties lead to higher European identification and solidarity? Insights from European binational couples in Belgium, the Netherlands and Switzerland 12.11.2015 Paris, France Schroedter Julia;
22nd International Conference of Europeanists “Contradictions: Envisioning European Futures” Talk given at a conference The promise of European Union citizenship 08.07.2015 Paris, France Rössel Jörg; Schroedter Julia;
IMISCOE 11th Annual Conference Talk given at a conference Promoting a European identity? Intermarriage between Europeans – Findings from Switzerland 27.09.2014 Madrid, Spain Schroedter Julia;
21st International Conference of Europeanists “Resurrections” Talk given at a conference What Is Europe? Meanings of Europe in Different Social Contexts 14.03.2014 Washington, United States of America Rössel Jörg; Schroedter Julia;
21st International Conference of Europeanists “Resurrections” Talk given at a conference Transnational Spaces and Linguistic Capital 14.03.2014 Washington, United States of America Schroedter Julia; Rössel Jörg;
6th ESFR (European Society of Family Relations) Congress 2012 "Families in a changing Europe" Talk given at a conference Defining and Exploring «Euromarriages» in Belgium, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland 26.09.2013 Lillehammer, Norway Schroedter Julia;
11th European Sociological Association (ESA) Conference “Crisis, Critique and Change” Talk given at a conference Intermarriage between Europeans: Networks and Identifications 28.08.2013 Turin, Italy Chiapparini Emanuela; Schroedter Julia;
5th Conference of the European Survey Research Association (ESRA) Talk given at a conference Intermarriage: Population Structures and Meeting Places 15.07.2013 Ljubljana, Slovenia Rössel Jörg; Schroedter Julia; Chiapparini Emanuela;
20th International Conference of Europeanists "Crisis and Contingency: States of (In)stability" Talk given at a conference Cosmopolitan Cultural Consumption 25.06.2013 Amsterdam, Netherlands Schroedter Julia; Rössel Jörg;
Tagung der Sektion „Soziale Ungleichheit und Sozialstrukturanalyse“ in der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie und des DFG-Projekts „Transnationales Humankapital und soziale Ungleichheit“ Talk given at a conference Die intergenerationale Reproduktion transnationalen kulturellen Kapitals 09.11.2012 Berlin, Germany Schroedter Julia; Rössel Jörg;
18th International Conference Of Europeanists (CES) Talk given at a conference Switzerland - A County of Ethnic Diversity and Mixture 20.06.2012 Barcelona, Spain Rössel Jörg; Schroedter Julia;
Colloquium Quantitative Sociology (ETH, Chair of Sociology) Individual talk Language and Nationality as Barriers to Marriage. Marriage and Intermarriage in Switzerland 22.05.2012 Zürich, Switzerland Rössel Jörg; Schroedter Julia;
IUSSP Seminar on Global Perspectives on Marriage and International Migration Talk given at a conference Bi-national marriages between European citizens: from intermarriage to intramarriage 20.10.2011 Seoul, Korean Republic (South Korea) Schroedter Julia;
Kolloquium des Center for Comparative and International Studies (CIS) an der Universität Zürich Individual talk The Europeanization of Societies: Binational Marriages in Switzerland and Germany 26.05.2011 Zürich, Switzerland Schroedter Julia; Rössel Jörg;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Scientifica - Wissenschaftstage Performances, exhibitions (e.g. for education institutions) 01.09.2017 Zürich, Switzerland Rössel Jörg; Schroedter Julia;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media In der Schweiz tanzt auf jeder dritten Hochzeit ein Ausländer, eine Ausländerin. Wir sind die... Magazin des Tages-Anzeigers Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Herr and Madame, Señor and Mrs - Research at last begins to cast some light on the extent... The Economist International 2011

Abstract

1.1 Main aims of the Collaborative Research ProjectThe project will examine trends since 1980 in the proportions of binational marriages between citizens of European Union countries. It will pay special attention to the nationalities of those entering these marriages. The goals of the demographic analysis will be to assess to what extent the Europeansingle market has contributed to an increase in binational marriages. In addition, it will attempt to determine to what extent changes in the proportion of binational marriages and the distribution of these marriages by nationality are driven by market processes (e.g. greater intra-European migration) and by social and cultural processes (e.g. affinity between citizens of specific nationalities). In addition, the project will examine to what extent being part of a binational marriage is associatedwith different orientations to European integration, a lowered sense of membership in the national community of origin, a stronger sense of belonging to Europe, and different lifestyles and worldviews.1.2 Potential impacts (academic and non-academic) of the Collaborative Research Project The project is unique in that it is the first systematic study of binational marriage patterns and trends between citizens of the EU. While we know something about marriages between natives and immigrants, we know nothing about the propensity of EU citizens to intermarry. Furthermore, theproject contributes to determine the role of the European single market in promoting social change in Europe and the emergence of new social groups formed by citizens of different member states of theEuropean Union. We accomplish this by focusing on trends in binational marriage rates since 1980 and through a quasi-experiment that compares the periods before and after the constitution of the Single Market and that compares the trends in European Union member states with those in a nonmember state (Switzerland). At a more sociological level our analysis of the role of binational marriages in the emergence of new social groups in Europe rests on a quantitative and qualitative comparison of the identities and lifestyles of national and binational couples. Finally, the project contributes to theories of marriage and homogamy, by using demographic and statistical analysis of marriage partner choices to assess the relative roles of affinity and opportunity in determining marriage choices.1.3 Added value of the collaborationThe project combines the disciplinary expertise and local knowledge of a critical mass of researchers from countries where migration from other EU member states has been significant enough to provide opportunities for the formation of binational marriages. The research project includes countries with a diverse mix of citizens from different EU countries. This allows us to map the propensity of citizens from some EU countries to intermarry. At the same time, it allows us to assess the role of marketopportunities and affinity in determining the propensity of citizens of EU states to marry one another, through comparing marriage rates between citizens from these countries in the different countries in the study, after controlling for relevant variables. The research includes a perfect mix of researchers with different, but often overlapping, areas of expertise: demographers and sociologists, quantitative and qualitative methods specialists, and researchers whose past research has focused on topics that are relevant to our study (transnational migration, marriage, identity, and European integration). Furthermore, the teams include partners that have already conducted research on binational couples.Finally, the participants in the project have excellent local knowledge about the availability of data and the relevant language skills.1.4 Data handling aspects (if relevant): quality assurance, storage, accessThe participating countries will submit a copy of the collected data to the coordinating committee, which will create integrated data files. These files will comprise the demographic information, the survey interviews, and the transcribed qualitative interviews. The information will be appropriatelyanonymized. The integrated datafiles will be stored in the project's web portal in a members-only area and only made public after an embargo period determined by the participating teams, which will not exceed one year after the end of the project.
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