Globalisation; Development; World Trade; Industrialisation; International Organisations; Labour; Sovereignty; Gender; Capitalism; Export Processing Zones; Global History; Global Economic History; Social Anthropology; Neoliberalism; Flexible Accumulation; Asia; Latin America; Africa; Europe
Neveling Patrick (2016), Hope's Global Systemic Paradox, in Voices from Around the World
, 4, 2.
Neveling Patrick (2012), A periodisation of globalisation according to the Mauritian integration into the international sugar commodity chain (1825-2005), in Commodities of Empire
, Working Paper Series, 29-29.
Neveling Patrick, Klien Susanne (2012), Die Dekonstruktion von Traditionen als Macht- und Klassenfrage – Eine Präzisierung des Erfindungsparadigmas, in Faschingeder Gerald (ed.), Promedia, Wien, 231-246.
Patrick Neveling (2010), Einleitende Überlegungen: Wissen um Veränderung - Entwicklung, Geschichte, sozialer Wandel, in Sociologus
, 60(1), 1-14.
Neveling Patrick, Klien Susanne (2010), Introduction: Tradition within and beyond the framework of invention, in Klien Susanne (ed.), OWZ-Hefte, Zentrum für interdisziplinäre regionalstudien, Halle/Saale, 1-52.
Patrick Neveling (2010), Sonderheft Sociologus Bd. 60/1: Wissen um Veränderung - Entwicklung, Geschichte, sozialer Wandel (Transl.: The Production of Knowledge about Change: Development, History, Social Transformation)
, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin.
Neveling Patrick, Klien Susanne (2010), The Salience of Traditions, Inventions and Global Integration Compared: Japan and the Mascarene Islands, in Klien Susanne (ed.), OWZ-Hefte, Zentrum für Interdisziplinäre Regionalstudien, Halle/Saale, 53-68.
Wergin Carsten, Neveling Patrick (2010), Tourism and Scale, in Anthropology News
, 51(8), 3-4.
Klien Susanne (ed.) (2010), Tradition within and beyond the framework of invention: Case studies from the Mascarenes and Japan
, OWZ-Hefte, Zentrum für Interdisziplinäre Regionalstudien, Halle/Saale.
Patrick Neveling (2010), Vom Nutzen der Geschichte, vom Wissen der Akteure und vom Nachteil der Multi-Sited Ethnography - Welthandel, Wirtschaftskrise und Standortwettbewerb in Mauritius Anfang des 21. Jahrhunderts, in Sociologus
, 60(1), 71-97.
Export processing zones (EPZs) have in recent research been identified as one of the main markers of a “graduated” national sovereignty that has emerged at the turn of the 21st century. Sovereignty is graduated in the zones because nation-states abstain from basic (postcolonial) rights such as taxation and the collection of customs duties in an effort to attract foreign and local direct investment. In 2007, there were 3500 EPZs operating in 130 countries worldwide competing with one another for investment. From different points of view, these zones have different advantages and disadvantages: Investors may welcome them as a global arena, where nation-states make a bid for capital investment. International organisations like UNIDO or ILO support the foundation of EPZs as promising ways into export-led development and employment in manufacturing. Workers and activists may regard the employer friendly and sometimes sexist and racist labour regimes at work in EPZs as paradigmatic for the scarification of workers rights to the laws of the market. Thus, the workings of these zones are closely related to topics very relevant in public debates as they concern the nexus of global capital flows and national sovereignty as well as the forms of distributing income and wealth created by worldwide economic activity.The proposed project on the global history of export processing zones seeks to make a crucial contribution to these debates particularly by combining the perspectives of global history, economic history and social anthropology. This links recent discussions in both disciplines that are concerned with issues like flexible accumulation, global shifts in regimes of production and the above outlined notions of graduated sovereignty. One of the central motivations to carry out research on EPZs is derived from the existence of numerous case studies on individual zones of which the proposed researcher has carried out one himself (in Mauritius). The detailed nature of these individual case studies coincides with the lack of a concise and comparative publication on the zones’ general history. The last such study dates back to 1977 and was published under the title “The New International Division of Labor” by Fröbel, Heinrichs and Kreye. The project aims to fill the resulting gap employing present day research questions and methodologies. These will connect the historical emergence of EPZs with diverse notions of sovereignty and contestations of the economic regimes and respective morals in practice. Therefore, the emergence and mutation of practices and discourses are traced from the foundation of the world’s first EPZ in Puerto Rico in 1947 until 2007, when advances in the liberalisation and institutional integration of world trade under the WTO regime alongside with the first signs of the present global crisis marked a significant shift in the global trading system. Methodologies of global and economic history will be used to pool and analyse the archival records of the ILO, the UNDP, the UNIDO, the World Bank, the World Export Processing Zones Association, and the recently established World Federation of Free Zones. Besides these international organisations involved in the global spread of EPZs, six case studies of EPZs particularly relevant for a general history have been selected (plus the one on Mauritius already carried out). In Puerto Rico, Ireland, Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Indonesia, and Madagascar archival records of national governments, parastatal bodies managing the EPZs, private sector organisations, multinational corporations, trade unions and newspapers will be consulted. The project aims at an appropriate representation of the historical process of embedding and reframing of EPZs in institutional and public practices and discourses. The project results will be published as a monograph and contribute to debates on the structure of world trade in the fields of global and economic history and social anthropology as well as to the general public’s interest in the global phenomenon of EPZs.