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Negotiating rural development in South Asia's periphery

English title Negotiating rural development in South Asia's periphery
Applicant Müller-Böker Ulrike
Number 123181
Funding scheme ProDoc
Research institution Geographisches Institut Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Social geography and ecology
Start/End 01.02.2009 - 31.05.2012
Approved amount 383'350.00
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Keywords (15)

South Asia; rural development; multi-locality; interface; ethnographies of aid; migration; rural development; South Asia; migration; multi-locality; armed conflict; transition; politics; state; territorialization

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary

The project aimed at examining the multiple changes that rural livelihoods are undergoing in South Asia’s periphery and the role that multi-local networks of migrants and development agents play in shaping rural development, in particular in localities that have experienced limited state penetration, political violence and unequal development. The common trajectory of the two in depth studies is the transformation of rural societies in Sri Lanka and Nepal after civil war. Important aspects of the transformation are realignments of power positions, struggles of access to resources and social recognition. Both projects investigate these questions on different scales and with different foci; i.e. brokers in development programmes, social networks, gender and household relations and migration.

One case study explored the situation in eastern Sri Lanka after the end of the ethno-separatist war. It addresses aspects, which grapple with identity politics, contested state rule, and territorialisation. Taking issue with preponderant, directional understandings of “war-to-peace transitions”, the research advocates a non-teleological perspective. It conceives of post-war transition as the re-articulation of the region’s political geography: A recalibration of the way people define themselves, their “other”, and the way they are ruled. This involves dramatic changes in people’s space for manoeuvre, new forms of antagonism, and authority. But there are also many continuous processes and unexpected counter-currents that escape the war-peace cadence.

A further case study explored the social dynamics of recent migration processes in Nepal and sheds light on migration practices of people moving from villages of Bajhang district to Delhi and to Terai, showing the crucial role that social relations like village based social networks, kin and caste affiliation play in channelling migration to specific destinations. Further, it examines how migration strategies adopted over generations create multi-local social networks.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Hami Nepali? Belonging in Nepal and Nepali Diaspora.
Müller-Böker Ulrike (2016), Hami Nepali? Belonging in Nepal and Nepali Diaspora., in Subba T. B. Sinha A.C. (ed.), Routledge, New Delhi, 40-45.
In the Eye of the Storm: Sri Lanka’s Front-Line Civil Servants in Transition
Klem Bart (2012), In the Eye of the Storm: Sri Lanka’s Front-Line Civil Servants in Transition, in Development and Change, 43(3), 695-717.
Caught in the peace trap? On the illiberal consequences of liberal peace in Sri Lanka
Goodhand Jonathan, Korf Benedikt (2011), Caught in the peace trap? On the illiberal consequences of liberal peace in Sri Lanka, in Goodhand Jonathan (ed.), Routledge, London and New York, 1-15.
Conflict and Pecaebuilding in Sri Lanka: Caught in the Peace Trap?
Goodhand Jonathan, Korf Benedikt, Spencer Jonathan (2011), Conflict and Pecaebuilding in Sri Lanka: Caught in the Peace Trap?, Routledge, London and New York.
Islam, politics and violence in eastern Sri Lanka
Klem Bart (2011), Islam, politics and violence in eastern Sri Lanka, in Journal of Asian Studies, 70(3), 730-753.
Migration in Far West Nepal. Challenging Migration Categories and Theoretical Lenses.
Poertner E., Junginger M., Müller-Böker U. (2011), Migration in Far West Nepal. Challenging Migration Categories and Theoretical Lenses., in Critical Asian Studies , 43(4), 661-665.
Migration in Far West Nepal. Intergenerational linkages between internal and international migration of rural-to-urban migrants.
Poertner E., Junginger M., Müller-Böker U. (2011), Migration in Far West Nepal. Intergenerational linkages between internal and international migration of rural-to-urban migrants., in Critical Asian Studies , 43(1), 23-47.
Muddling the peace process: The political dynamics of the tsunami, aid and conflict
Frerks Georg, Klem Bart (2011), Muddling the peace process: The political dynamics of the tsunami, aid and conflict, in Goodhand Jonathan (ed.), Routledge, London and New York, 168-182.
Social networks and migration: Women's livelihoods between Far West Nepal and Delhi.
Thieme Susan, Müller-Böker Ulrike (2011), Social networks and migration: Women's livelihoods between Far West Nepal and Delhi., in European Bulletin of Himalayan Research , 35-36, 107-121.
Women’s livelihoods in a transnational social space: Labour migration from Far West Nepal to Delhi, India
Thieme S., Müller-Böker U., Backhaus N. (2011), Women’s livelihoods in a transnational social space: Labour migration from Far West Nepal to Delhi, India, in Raju Saraswati (ed.), Oxford University Press India, Delhi, 60-81.
Sri Lanka: the third wave
Korf Benedikt (2010), Sri Lanka: the third wave, in International Development Planning Review, 32(1), i-iv.
The geography of warscape
Korf Benedikt, Engeler Michelle, Hagmann Tobias (2010), The geography of warscape, in Third World Quarterly, 31(3), 385-399.
Frieden in Nepal? Entwicklungspotenziale und Konfliktfelder
Müller-Böker U. (2009), Frieden in Nepal? Entwicklungspotenziale und Konfliktfelder, in Nepal Information, 102/103, 21-24.
Muslim geographies and the politics of purification in Sri Lanka after the 2004 tsunami
Hasbullah Shahul, Korf Benedikt (2009), Muslim geographies and the politics of purification in Sri Lanka after the 2004 tsunami, in Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 30(2), 248-264.
Religion, Conflict and Boundary Politics in Sri Lanka
Goodhand Jonathan, Klem Bart, Korf Benedikt (2009), Religion, Conflict and Boundary Politics in Sri Lanka, in European Journal for Development Research, 21(5), 679-898.
The Gift of Disaster: The Commodification of Good Intentions in Post-tsunami Sri Lanka
Korf Benedikt, Hasbullah Shahul, Hollenbach Pia, Klem Bart (2009), The Gift of Disaster: The Commodification of Good Intentions in Post-tsunami Sri Lanka, in Disasters, 34 (S1), S60-S77.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Kathmandu University Nepal (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
University of Edinburgh Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
University of Peradeniya Sri Lanka (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers (AAG) Talk given at a conference ??? 24.02.2012 New York City, USA, United States of America Klem Bart;
Social Science Baha Lecture Series Individual talk The multi-local livelihoods of Bajhangis. 23.02.2012 Kathmandu , Nepal Müller-Böker Ulrike;
Nepali Diaspora in the Globalised Context Talk given at a conference Hami Nepali: Glimpses on sense of belonging in Nepal and in diaspora. 27.11.2011 Shillong, India Müller-Böker Ulrike;
Mediation across Boundaries Talk given at a conference ??? 01.12.2010 Semarang, Indonesia, Indonesia Klem Bart;
Annual meeting of the American Association of Asian Studies Individual talk ??? 25.03.2009 Chicago, United States of America Klem Bart;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
European Conference on South Asian Studies 23.07.2014 Bonn, Germany, Switzerland
Sri Lanka roundtable 23.11.2011 Zurich, Switzerland
NCCR North South regional workshop (South Asia) 24.01.2011 Lonavala, India, India
Integrated Training Event NCCR North South 01.09.2010 Bahir Dahr, Ethiopia
Sri Lanka roundtable 26.05.2010 Utrecht, the Netherlands, Netherlands
Space, Contestation and the Political 01.02.2009 Zurich, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Small states mediating peace in the 21st Century Workshop 29.11.2011 Bern, Switzerland Korf Benedikt; Klem Bart;
Sri Lanka: A matter of perspective Workshop 23.11.2010 Bern, Switzerland Klem Bart; Korf Benedikt;
Sri Lanka: From War to Peace? Workshop 09.06.2010 Bern, Switzerland Klem Bart; Korf Benedikt;
Planning Workshop on Poverty in South Asia. British Academy and British Association for South Asian Studies Talk 31.03.2010 Warwick, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Müller-Böker Ulrike;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Development and the State 23.03.2010 Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: radio, television Court cases againt Tamils in the Netherlands ZOZ International 2011
Media relations: radio, television Elections in Sri Lanka VPRO: Bureau Buitenland International 2011
Media relations: radio, television UN panel on war crimes in Sri Lanka VPRO: Bureau Buitenland International 2011
Media relations: radio, television Defeat of the LTTE VPRO: Bureau Buitenland International 2009
Media relations: radio, television End of the war in Sri Lanka Business News Radio International 2009

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
140728 Brokering political and economic transitions in South Asia’s periphery 01.07.2012 Project funding (Div. I-III)
124459 Living with violence: rural livelihoods in Mid-Western Nepal during and after the People's War 01.06.2009 Project funding (Div. I-III)
149183 Living with violence II: Rural livelihoods and the struggle for territory in post-war Sri Lanka 01.11.2013 Project funding (Div. I-III)

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