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Beitrag an den Unterhalt und Betrieb der Hochalpinen Forschungsstationen Jungfraujoch und Gornergrat, 2009-2011

English title Subsidy for the maintenance and operation of the High Altitude Research Stations Jungfraujoch and Gornergrat, 2009 - 2011
Applicant Hochalpine Forschungsstationen Jungfraujoch & Gornergrat Universität Bern
Number 122102
Funding scheme Research Infrastructure
Research institution Hochalpine Forschungsstationen Jungfraujoch & Gornergrat Universität Bern
Institution of higher education Non-profit organisations (libraries, museums, foundations) and administration - NPO
Main discipline Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences
Start/End 01.01.2009 - 31.12.2011
Approved amount 1'670'000.00
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Keywords (7)

environmental sciences; astronomy; astrophysics; material sciences; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Physics of the Atmosphere; Geology

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
The scientific stations at Jungfraujoch and Gornergrat are operated by the International Foundation "High Altitude Research Stations Jungfraujoch and Gornergrat" (HFSJG; http://www.hfsjg.ch/). The goal of the Foundation is to enable and support scientific research of international standard at these high alpine research locations.The High Altitude Research Station Jungfraujoch is the highest in Europe, and in the world it is the highest that is accessible all year round by public transportation. This fact together with the special location on the alpine divide, the practically undisturbed high-alpine environment, thin atmosphere and good infrastructure has made the scientific station a very dynamic place where research projects of international significance are free to operate on short, medium, and long timescales. Today the site is of importance for environmental researchers and for astrophysicists, as well as for meteorologists, glaciologists, and researchers in material sciences as well as in high alpine medicine. The Montreal- and Kyoto-Protocol related research and the aerosol program at Jungfraujoch are among the most comprehensive worldwide. The research plan for 2009-2011 includes long-term projects of 20 teams, 18 projects of which are primarily based on automatic measurements, and a number of short-term measurement campaigns. Most of the research programs are expected to contribute significantly to more than 15 internationally and nationally coordinated research initiatives. As an example, Jungfraujoch is a primary site in the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC), a global station in the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) program of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), and a key station in the EU-funded I3 program EUSAAR (European Supersites for Atmospheric Aerosol Research). Increasingly important are Jungfraujoch data for the calibration/validation of satellite instruments.Gornergrat offers similar advantages for astronomers. The unpolluted air, low humidity and atmospheric pressure prevalent at this site facilitate the observations in high and low frequency ranges. The high spectral resolution sub-millimeter observations with the 3m radio telescope KOSMA, using leading edge technology, complement observations made at larger ground-based observatories.It is expected that in the period 2009-2011 about 300 scientific publications will result from observations and measurements at Jungfraujoch and Gornergrat. Both sites are in particular important for the education of students and early-career scientists.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
113770 Beitrag an den Unterhalt und Betrieb der Hochalpinen Forschungsstationen Jungfraujoch und Gornergrat, 2007 - 2009 01.01.2007 Research Infrastructure
137547 Beitrag an den Unterhalt und Betrieb der Hochalpinen Forschungsstationen Jungfraujoch und Gornergrat, 2012-2014 01.01.2012 Research Infrastructure
137547 Beitrag an den Unterhalt und Betrieb der Hochalpinen Forschungsstationen Jungfraujoch und Gornergrat, 2012-2014 01.01.2012 Research Infrastructure

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