Project

Back to overview

Solar hydrogen via steam-gasification of carbonaceous materials under direct high-flux irradiation - Heat & mass transfer phenomena

English title Solar hydrogen via steam-gasification of carbonaceous materials under direct high-flux irradiation - Heat & mass transfer phenomena
Applicant Steinfeld Aldo
Number 115888
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Institut für Energietechnik ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Mechanical Engineering
Start/End 01.07.2007 - 30.06.2010
Approved amount 153'550.00
Show all

All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Mechanical Engineering
Material Sciences

Keywords (7)

Radiative transfer; quantitative spectrometry; high temperature; solar chemistry; energy conversion; combined heat transfer; quantitative spectroscopy

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
The project aims at investigating the fundamentals of heat and mass transfer phenomena in high-temperature multiphase reactive flows exposed to high-flux irradiation. The application is focused on the development of solar reactor technology for the production of hydrogen via steam-gasification of carbonaceous materials using concentrated solar radiation.

Solar hybrid thermochemical processes, as the one targeted in this project, make use of fossil fuels as the chemical source of hydrogen production and concentrated solar energy as the energy source of high-temperature process heat. Industrially relevant examples include the thermal gasification of coal, the thermal cracking of natural gas, the thermal reforming of natural gas, and the carbothermic reduction of metal oxides, for producing synthetic fluid fuels with upgraded calorific value. These hybrid solar processes offer viable and efficient routes for fossil fuel decarbonization and CO2 avoidance, and further create a transition path towards solar hydrogen.

This project contributes to the advancement of the thermo-sciences aimed at the development of solar chemical technologies that will lead to cleaner, more efficient, and sustainable energy utilization.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

-