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Perspectives contrastives et phénomènes de grammaticalisation
Domaine Français Département des langues et littératures Université de Fribourg
Universität Freiburg - FR
01.10.2006 - 31.12.2006
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Grammaticalization; Pragmaticalization; Lexicalization; Subjectification; De-grammaticalisation; Cross linguistic analysis; Historical Pragmatics
Lay Summary (Englisch)
The success encountered by grammaticalization as a pivotal theory of language change in the ‘80s has led to its massive adoption by various approaches. Affiliate concepts such as pragmaticalization, lexicalization, degrammaticalization have thus come into being, trying to capture phenomena which did not perfectly fit into the grammaticalization frame.All these new concepts have pointed out the fuzzy boundaries of the notion of grammaticalization and have tested its heuristic potential. At a time when studies on this topic are flourishing both in Europe and United States, we have deemed appropriate to reunite specialists from different cultural and linguistic horizons in order to examine the strong and weak points of the concept of grammaticalization.
The conference was organised at the University of Fribourg (Switzerland) on the 2nd and 3rd of October 2006. The contributions focused both on key concepts and empirical data modelling theories. Special emphasis was placed on the complex interactions of formal, semantic, and pragmatic processes over time and on the prominent role played by pragmatic inferencing in the journey from lexicon to grammar. Linguistic embedding of interpersonal factors, also known as subjectification and intersubjectification, was also allowed a crucial part. The contributions surveyed various linguistic phenomena, the main concepts related to grammaticalization and the possible crosslinguistic regularities in language change. They inevitably investigated the impact of morphosyntactic and semantic changes on the pragmatic dimension of language, indirectly providing an answer to the question whether there is a strict dissociation to be postulated between general processes of diachronic change (such as grammaticalization or lexicalization) and processes specifically related to historical pragmatics (such as pragmaticalization). The crosslinguistic regularities examined concerned epistemic and intensifier adverbs in Scandinavian languages, auxiliaries in Romance, Germanic and Slavonic languages as well as the evidential system of French and Romanian.
The specific topics analysed were reinforced negation in French and Italian, recategorization of constructions such as Je ne sais où, Dieu sait qui as indefinites, the evolution of word order from Latin to French, auxiliary-related constructions in Serbian and Flemish, the origin and status of modal, spatial/temporal and conjunctive morphemes in creole languages, the origin and evolution of modal devoir in French and its Romanian homologues, the grammaticalization degree of nominal reiterations in Italian. The reflections on such various topics and the diversity of the approaches discussed (contrastive studies, language contact analysis) inevitably questioned or even pulverized fundamental theoretical assumptions. The conference thus opened up new research perspectives and provided a better understanding of grammaticalization-related parameters.
It addressed BA/MA/PhD students in language sciences as well as a broad spectrum of researchers.
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Letzte Aktualisierung: 21.02.2013
Verantw. Gesuchsteller/in und weitere Gesuchstellende
Institut des Sciences du langage et de la communication Université de Neuchâtel