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Metal transport and ore deposition: the geology, geochemistry and geodynamic setting of mineral resources in Bulgaria, Serbia-Montenegro and Romania

English title Metal transport and ore deposition: the geology, geochemistry and geodynamic setting of mineral resources in Bulgaria, Serbia-Montenegro and Romania
Applicant Heinrich Christoph
Number 111130
Funding scheme SCOPES
Research institution Institut für Geochemie und Petrologie ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Geochemistry
Start/End 01.09.2005 - 31.08.2008
Approved amount 66'600.00
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All Disciplines (3)


Keywords (9)

geochronology; Cu-Au deposits; porphyry; epithermal; magmas; ore fluid; Bulgaria; Romania; Serbia

Lay Summary (English)

Lay summary
The research proposed here aims at understanding the geological processes controlling the origin and distribution of Europe’s most important copper and gold deposits, which are located in Bulgaria, Romania and Serbia-Montenegro. On the regional scale, we want to understand the geodynamic environment and the generation of mineralising magmas, whereby radiometric age dating and igneous geochemistry will play a major role. On the scale of ore-forming magmatic-hydrothermal systems, we want to quantify the processes leading to the generation of ore-forming fluids from hydrous magmas and apply new microanalytical techniques to directly trace the dissolved metals in magmatic fluids to diverse types of mineral deposits. Three major tasks are planned in a manner that allows a clear division of responsibilities to the teams in the three collaboratingcountries:
1) Fluid processes at the magmatic to hydrothermal transition leading to the formation of epithermal and porphyry-style Cu-Au-(-PGE) deposits
2) Geochronology, calcalkaline magmatism and large-scale metallogeny of the Cretaceous Apuseni - Banat - Timok - Srednegorie Belt
3) Miocene magma generation and ore fluid evolution in the Apuseni Mountains.

This research is part of an ongoing collaboration including the core program of ETH-Zurich’s Fluids and Mineral Deposits Group (supported by regular funds from SNF, ESF and a previous SCOPES-JRP to Ch. Heinrich) and is also coordinated with concurrent SCOPES projects led by R. Moritz at University of Geneva. The SCOPES funding enables a mutual transfer of scientific knowledge as well as cultural understanding within the countries of southeastern Europe. It also helps our Bulgarian, Romanian and Serbian partners to establish new contacts in research, education and industry in western Europe and worldwide. Specifically we expect:
•to offer collaborators a chance to present their existing knowledge tothe international scientific community, in order to establish their own international contacts,
•to offer collaborators the chance to work with cutting-edgetechnologies, with an opportunity for them to demonstrate their capabilities in international collaborations,
•to actively support the best scientists in universities and researchorganizations in their collaboration across these traditionally separate institutions,
•to aid the interaction of scientists between traditionally ratherisolated eastern countries, notably including long-isolated Serbia-Montenegro.

The specific information obtained in this research initiative will make existing as well as new geological data more easily accessible for potential investors in the primary industries sector. The contacts and the new training can give enterprising Bulgarian, Romanian and Serbian-Montenegro scientists an opportunity to provide high-quality services to the presently booming international resource markets, both within and outside their home countries.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
124906 Quantitative Modeling of Ore-Forming Hydrothermal Systems 01.04.2009 Project funding (Div. I-III)