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The status of religion in Romania in regard to European society: religion, state of law, social and cultural data

English title The status of religion in Romania in regard to European society: religion, state of law, social and cultural data
Applicant Gisel Pierre
Number 110837
Funding scheme SCOPES
Research institution Institut Religions, Cultures, Modernité Faculté de Théologie Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Religious studies, Theology
Start/End 01.11.2005 - 31.05.2008
Approved amount 51'612.75
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Religious studies, Theology
Sociology
Legal sciences

Keywords (6)

religion; state; democracy; pluralism; Europe; law

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
The question of the religion status is, in many ways, a cause acting right at the heart of the changes which occur nowadays in our societies, at the hour of religion reconfiguration, religious pluralisms, confrontations of different civilization patterns, new syncretism, creation of sectarian cores and other new religious movements, institutional lack of force and individualization. This question presents juridical, political and socially theoretical dimensions. It also passes through a large perspective of social and cultural data, through an historical plan and a plan focused on the present.This complexity of matters will be approached according to an axis which is thought deliberately as interdisciplinary: it indeed intends to examine the question of the relationships that exist between knowledge and beliefs, relationships which, in our European history, were not always the same; various senses were also given, consequently to what one should have meant by, respectively, knowledge and faithful belief.To speak concretely, the complex of themes approached is interdisciplinary, in the sense that is enlightens as well Theology and the various sciences issued from the study of religion that have developed themselves since the second half of the XIXth century (science and history of religion, the sociology and psychology of religion, cultural anthropology etc.), as Law and Political Sciences. In the background of this debate also rises the question, acute in its modernity, of the relationships between the religious field, with its status and range of action, and the various acquis of knowledge gained by the so-called tough sciences (Physics, Biology etc.). If these two sides should have to be distinguished one from another from the methodological and epistemological points of view, they however would be entangled in an indirectly seized interaction, they each influence one upon another, when it comes to the discussion about the statutes.In Romania, like in all the countries issued from the former communist world, the question of the relationships between the various religion and societies is distinctly acute. The soviet period had frozen these relationships by instituting authoritarian external frontiers, impeaching them from any evolution with no regard at all as for what might or could have happened in the life of civil society. Since then, the fall of the regimes that have been instituted at that time has, on the contrary, brought a great opening, but into which the juridical, social and political premises to leave from in these matters are entirely to be revaluated. It all happened in a general climate of regulations’ lack where a radical liberalism offers the spell of its seduction, claiming for the supremacy of pure individuality, harshly and breaking out its articulates connections to the historical past and to the traditional patterns, as the historical matrices have generated them, being also unable to clearly evaluate its own consequences the social bonds.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

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