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Phonetik und Phonologie der iberoromanischen Arabismen

Applicant Bossong Georg
Number 103507
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Romanisches Seminar Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Romance languages and literature
Start/End 01.09.2006 - 31.08.2008
Approved amount 99'738.00
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Keywords (11)

ETYMOLOGIE; PHONETIK; ARABISMEN; Al-Andalus; Iberoromance; Spanish; Portuguese; Catalan; Arabic; loanword adaptation; loanword phonology

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
During the Islamic era on the Iberian Peninsula (711-1492), the Iberoromance languages borrowed numerous Hispano-Arabic words. These loanwords have been fully integrated into the phonetic systems of the target languages. Considerable phonetic differences can be observed by comparing an arabism and its etymon; in many cases the etymon cannot be identified at first sight. The reasons, on the one hand, are the far-reaching differences between the phonetic systems of Arabic and Romance and the resulting mechanisms of adaptation which occur during the act of borrowing. On the other hand, the loanword followed the phonetic development of the target language during centuries, so that it deviated more and more from its etymon. These circumstances, together with the precarious testimony of the medieval sources, particularly the rare Hispano-Arabic ones, turn Arabo-Romance etymology especially difficult.The aim of this project is to analyse and systematise the phonetic and phonological transformations which act upon the borrowed lexemes on the basis of the ancient Iberoromance and Hispano-Arabic sound systems. An additional aid will be the inclusion of the modern Moroccan Arabic dialect. Both the application of recent knowledge about these two Arabic dialects and of latest phonological theory on a subject of long tradition will allow new findings, which were not yet possible in Arnald Steiger’s pioneer work "Contribución a la fonética del hispano-árabe y de los arabismos en el ibero-románico y el siciliano" published in 1932. The results will contribute to etymological research in the field of Iberoromance linguistic history, in particular, and to a better understanding of loanword adaptation, in general.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

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Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
66813 Phonetik und Phonologie der iberoromanischen Arabismen. 01.06.2002 Project funding (Div. I-III)

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